Living each day with the effects of post-traumatic stress means going through the pain of anxiety, panic attacks, stress, and trauma. For any survivor of a serious accident, PTSD is an unwarranted consequence of someone else's negligence. That's why it’s important to know which treatment options are available.
Treatment varies (and finding the best one for you can take time), but it’s worth it to explore what is available to you.
The Types of Treatments Available
Treatment for PTSD is broken down by treatments backed by the most research, treatments with some research, and non-researched treatments.
Most Commonly Recommended Treatments:
- Trauma-focused psychotherapies allow victims to face the trauma using visual aids, talking about the incident, and processing the traumatic memory. This can include prolonged exposure to the negative feelings, processing therapy to reframing negative thoughts, or brief eclectic psychotherapy designed to practice relaxation skills.
- Antidepressant medicines are often used to deal with the emotional distress that builds as a result of PTSD. Some are shown to have worked well, but it is advisable to discuss with your doctor before starting any medication regimen.
Other Research-Backed Treatments:
- Stress inoculation training can teach skills and techniques that help victims manage the stress levels and anxiety associated with PTSD. Stress inoculation training uses psychological resilience to help face the effects of stress head-on in three phases: the conceptualization phase, skills acquisition and rehearsal phase, and application and follow-through phase. These phases are defined in the following ways:
- Conceptualization phase: Patients understand the stress they are feeling, as well as identifies potential stressors they may face. Patients are taught to differentiate the differences between the stressors and their reactions based on what can and cannot be changed, and adjust accordingly.
- Skills acquisition and rehearsal phase: Patients are taught skills including emotion regulation, relaxation, cognitive appraisal, socialization, and communication, as well as problem-solving.
- Application and follow-through phase: Patients are given chances to practice the coping skills they have learned. Simulation methods help the patient include visualization exercises, role-playing of feared situations, and more.
- Present-centered therapy focuses on areas of a survivor's life being affected by PTSD, such as work or marriage. Rather than focusing on the past and the causes of trauma, PCT keeps the focus of treatment on present struggles and dysfunction. PCT patients develop the following skills:
- Altering current patterns and behaviors
- Learning the use of problem solving strategies focused on current issues
- Using psycho-education for the impact of the trauma on the patient’s life
- Interpersonal psychotherapy focuses on PTSD’s impact on interpersonal relationships. This treatment aims to improve a survivor's social functioning to help reduce the stress and anxiety they feel.
Alternative treatment options include yoga, meditation, biological treatments, and more. These treatment options don’t have the supporting research that the other treatments have, however.